National Data Center Attacked by Ransomware: Perpetrators Demand USD 8 Million Ransom
The National Data Center (PDN) experienced a serious cyberattack involving ransomware. This attack has resulted in the encryption of important files and perpetrators request ransom of USD 8 million or around Rp. 131 billion.

The National Data Center (PDN) experienced a serious cyberattack involving ransomware. This attack has resulted in the encryption of important files and perpetrators request ransom of USD 8 million or around Rp. 131 billion. Below is a complete summary of the attack and its implications for national cybersecurity.

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Chronology of Attacks

On June 24, 2024, PDN was attacked by a ransomware group called Brain Cipher. This attack succeeded in penetrating existing security layers and encrypting important data from various ministries and government agencies. The Minister of Communications and Information, Johnny G. Plate, confirmed that this attack targeted systems that manage sensitive and important data for the country.

The attacker demanded a ransom of USD 8 million or around IDR 131 billion to decrypt the locked data. They also threatened to leak the data if the ransom was not paid. This attack raises great concerns considering the importance of the data managed by PDN.

Government and BSSN response

The National Cyber ​​and Crypto Agency (BSSN) immediately acted to handle this situation. Head of BSSN, Hinsa Siburian, stated that their team was working with related parties to recover encrypted data and secure the system from further attacks. BSSN is also carrying out investigations to identify the perpetrators and methods used in this attack.

LMitigation measures are being taken to ensure that impacted systems can be restored as quickly as possible. BSSN also increases monitoring of cyber threats to prevent similar attacks in the future.

Impact on Public Services

This attack affected various public services managed by PDN. Data from the Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of Health, and the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) are some of those affected. This caused significant disruption to daily operations and public services.

PThe government is working hard to restore these services and ensure that encrypted data can be accessed again without having to pay a ransom. However, this process requires time and intensive efforts.

Analysis and Expert Opinion

Cyber ​​security experts consider this attack a strong warning to Indonesia about the importance of data security. Yudhi Kukuh, Country Manager of Eset Indonesia, explained that ransomware attacks are increasingly sophisticated and difficult to overcome if there is not adequate preparation. According to him, a layered security solution that includes detection, response, prediction and prevention is the key to protecting data from this kind of attack.

This case is highlighted the importance of collaboration between the government and the private sector to improve cybersecurity capabilities. With increasingly complex threats, major investments in security technology and HR training are required.

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Cybersecurity in the Future

The ransomware attack on PDN shows that cyber threats are a real problem that can disrupt the stability and security of the country. The government needs to take serious steps to improve cyber defense, including by strengthening regulations, increasing technical capabilities, and expanding international cooperation in combating cyber crime.

Apart from that, public education about the importance of cyber security is also crucial. Individual users and organizations must be more aware of the risks they face and take proactive steps to protect themselves from cyber threats.

Mitigation and Recovery Steps

To mitigate the impact of this attack, several steps were taken including:

  1. Security Audits: Conduct a thorough audit of impacted systems to identify weaknesses and correct them.

  2. Data Recovery: Work with cybersecurity experts to decrypt encrypted data without paying a ransom.

  3. Infrastructure Improvement: Strengthen IT infrastructure with the latest security technologies to prevent similar attacks in the future.

  4. HR training: Increase HR capabilities and awareness about the importance of cyber security and how to deal with threats.

Other then technical steps, the government is also considering new policies to tighten data security and increase cooperation with other countries in combating cyber crime.


The ransomware attack on the National Data Center is a stark reminder to all parties about the importance of cyber security. This incident shows that Indonesia needs to increase its readiness and capacity to face increasingly complex and sophisticated cyber threats. Appropriate mitigation measures, investment in security technology, and increased public awareness are key to protecting critical data and systems from future attacks.

Thus, cyber security must be a top priority for governments, the private sector, and society as a whole to ensure that data and information remains safe and protected from ever-evolving threats.

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